Creek And Cherokee Homework

What did the Cherokee tribe eat?
The food that the Cherokee tribe ate included deer (venison), bear, buffalo, elk, squirrel, rabbit, opossum and other small game and fish. Their staple foods were corn, squash and beans supplemented with wild onions, rice, mushrooms, greens, berries and nuts. As time passed the Cherokee began raising cattle, hogs, chickens, and other domesticated animals that they acquired from Europeans.

What weapons did the Cherokee use?
The weapons used  by the Cherokee included war clubs, tomahawks, battle hammers, knives, bows and arrows, spears and axes. Cherokees also used blowguns, generally for small game, but occasionally for warfare. The Europeans introduced muskets and then rifles. Leadership amongst the Cherokee was divided according the situation. The "red" chiefs were leaders during war and "white" chiefs in times of peace. Cherokee warriors wore tattoos and used face and body paint. Red paint for success, blue to indicate defeat or trouble, black paint meant death, and white stood for peace and happiness.

Cherokee Booger Masks
The Cherokee were famous for their Booger masks A Booger mask was a carved mask with exaggerated features and expressions used in the Booger Dance. Booger masks often represented non-Indian people as well as animals. The word 'booger' is derived from boogieman or bogeyman and used by whites to reflect the grotesque carvings on the masks.

Cherokee History: What happened to the Cherokee tribe?
The following Cherokee history timeline details facts, dates and famous landmarks of the people. The Cherokee timeline explains what happened to the people of their tribe.

Cherokee History Timeline

  • 1542: The Hernando De Soto expedition encounters the Cherokee.

  • 1542: Epidemics of smallpox and measles and inter-tribal warfare with the Creek diminish the Cherokee population in the late 1500's and 1600's

  • 1629: The first traders from the British settlements began trading among the Cherokees

  • 1688: The French and Indian Wars (1688-1763) starts with King William's War (1688-1699). The Cherokee become allied with the British against the French

  • 1702: Queen Anne's War (1702-1713)

  • 1715: The Yamasee War (1715–16) fought in South Carolina between the British-American Colonists and their Native Indian allies including the Cherokee, against the Yamasee Native American Tribe

  • 1721: The Cherokee Treaty with the Governor of the Carolinas and the first concession of lands

  • 1744: King George's War (1744 - 1748)

  • 1754: French and Indian War, aka the Seven Years War (1754-1763)

  • 1755: The Waccamaw tribe wage war with Cherokee and Natchez

  • 1758: The Anglo-Cherokee War, First Cherokee War (1758–1761) - The Cherokee uprising in present-day Tennessee, Virginia and the Carolinas

  • 1776 Chickamauga Wars, aka the Second Cherokee War, (1776–1794) Cherokee involvement in the American Revolutionary War and continued through late 1794

  • 1785: Treaty of Hopewell is the first treaty between the U.S. and the Cherokees

  • 1796: The 'civilizing programs' began, instigated by George Washington, which led to the name of the Five Civilised Tribes

  • 1821: The invention of written language by Sequoyah (George Gist)

  • 1822: Cherokee's Supreme Court established

  • 1824: First written law of the Western Cherokee

  • 1827: Cherokee Constitution established by a convention. John Ross elected chief

  • 1830: The Indian Removal Act of 1830

  • 1832: US Supreme Court decision Worcester vs Georgia establishes tribal sovereignty, protecting the Cherokee from Georgia laws. President Jackson refuses to enforce the decision and Georgia holds lottery for Cherokee lands

  • 1835: Treaty of New Echota, giving up title to all Cherokee lands in southeast in exchange for land in Indian Territory (now Oklahoma)

  • 1838-1839: The Trails of Tears. The US Government's forced removal of 17,000 Cherokee

  • 1861: American Civil War begins. Civil War between Union Cherokees and Confederate Cherokees

  • 1887: General Allotment Act passed requiring individual ownership of lands once held in common by Native Indian tribes

  • 1893, President Grover Cleveland appoints Senator Henry L. Dawes, to negotiate land with the Cherokee, Creek, Choctaw, Chickasaw and Seminole tribes

  • 1893: The Dawes Rolls, or the Final Rolls of the Five Civilized Tribes, entitled an allotment of land to tribe members, in return for abolishing their governments and recognizing Federal laws

  • 1934: The individual allotment policy of the Dawes Act was terminated by the Indian Reorganization Act

Cherokee History Timeline


  • Interesting Facts and information about the way the Cherokee lived
  • The clothes worn by men and women
  • Description of the homes and the type of food the Cherokee would eat
  • Fast Facts and info about the Cherokee
  • Interesting Homework resource for kids on the history of the Cherokee Native American Indians

Pictures and Videos of Native American Indians and their Tribes
The Cherokee Tribe was one of the most famous tribes of Native American Indians. Discover the vast selection of pictures on the subject of the tribes of Famous Native Americans such as the Cherokee nation. The pictures show the clothing, war paint, weapons and decorations of various Native Indian tribes, such as the Cherokee tribe, that can be used as a really useful educational resource for kids and children of all ages. We hope you enjoy watching the video - just click and play - a great social studies homework resource for kids .

Native Americans

Cherokee Tribe

History >> Native Americans for Kids

The Cherokee Indians are a Native American tribe. They are largest tribe in the United States. The name Cherokee comes from a Muskogean word that means "speakers of another language". The Cherokee called themselves the Ani-Yunwiya, meaning "principal people".

Flag of the Cherokee Nation by Muscogee Red

Where did the Cherokee live?

Before the Europeans arrived, the Cherokee lived in an area of the Southeastern United States which is today the states of North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, and Tennessee.

The Cherokee lived in wattle and daub homes. These homes were framed with tree logs and then covered with mud and grass to fill in the walls. The roofs were made of thatch or bark.

What did they eat?

The Cherokee lived off a combination of farming, hunting, and gathering. They farmed vegetables such as corn, squash, and beans. They also hunted animals such as deer, rabbits, turkey, and even bears. They cooked a variety of foods including stews and cornbread.

Cherokee People from Public Domain Sources

How did they travel?

Before the Europeans came and brought horses, the Cherokee traveled by foot or by canoe. They used trails and rivers to travel between villages. They made canoes by hollowing out large tree logs.

Religion and Ceremonies

The Cherokee were a religious people who believed in spirits. They performed ceremonies in order to ask the spirits to help them. They would have special ceremonies before going to battle, leaving on a hunt, and when trying to heal sick people. They would often dress up and dance to music during the ceremony. The largest of their celebrations was called the Green Corn Ceremony which thanked the spirits for their harvest of corn.

Cherokee Society

A typical Cherokee village would be home to around thirty to fifty families. They would be part of a larger Cherokee clan such as the Wolf Clan or the Bird Clan. The women were responsible for the house, farming, and the family. The men were responsible for hunting and war.

The Cherokee and the Europeans

Living in the East, the Cherokee had early contact with the American colonists. They made many treaties with the colonists over the years. They also fought alongside the French in the French and Indian war in 1754 against the British. When the British won the war, the Cherokee lost some of their land. They again lost more of their land to the United States when they sided with the British in the American Revolutionary War.

Trail of Tears

In 1835 some of the Cherokee signed a treaty with the United States giving the US all of the Cherokee land in return for land in Oklahoma plus $5 million. Most of the Cherokee did not want to do this, but they had no choice. In 1838 the US army forced the Cherokee nation to move from their homes in the Southeast all the way to the state of Oklahoma. Over 4,000 Cherokee people died on the march to Oklahoma. Today this forced march is called the "The Trail of Tears".

Fun Facts about the Cherokee
  • Sequoyah was a famous Cherokee who invented a writing system and alphabet for the Cherokee language.
  • Cherokee art included painted baskets, decorated pots, carvings in wood, carved pipes, and beadwork.
  • They would sweeten their food with honey and maple sap.
  • Today there are three recognized Cherokee tribes: Cherokee Nation, the Eastern Band, and the United Keetoowah Band.
  • They enjoyed playing a stickball game called Anejodi which was similar to lacrosse.
  • Take a ten question quiz about this page.

  • Listen to a recorded reading of this page:

For more Native American history:

Works Cited

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