Latin American Independence Essay
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Latin American Independence
Latin American Independence was the drive for independence from Spain and France by the Latin American people. There were many contributing factors that ultimately led to the uprising of Latin American colonies. Europe's strong hold on the economic and political life of Latin America, was creating friction between the Latin Colonies and the European nations. Eventually, this would become enough for the Latin American people and the drive for independence from France and Spain would begin.
There were a few main points that led up to the Latin American independence movement. In, 1797 the Britain blockade of Spain took place for two years, which cut off…show more content…
Hidalgo’s following grew from 300 to over ½ million people and in not time Hidalgo’s enraged revolutionaries tore through Mexico. After moderate success Hidalgo was defeated by a band of Royalists and while fleeing the country for the US he was disowned by one of his fellow companions and killed. Another priest named Jose Morelos from then on would lead the fighting. He would finally accomplish what Hidalgo had set out to do, lead Mexico to independence, from Spain in 1821.
With other Latin American uprisings occurring Simon Bolivar led the South American independence. Bolivar was a wealthy Creole born in Venezuela but educated in Spain. Influenced by Enlightenment ideas, Bolivar called for independence for all South Americans. He gained firm control of his native Venezuela in 1819. His armies then turned toward Columbia and Ecuador. In the south Jose de San Martin rallied Argentinean forces against Spain. Bolivar and San Martin met in Peru, which became independent along with Upper Peru (Bolivia) in 1824. Although Bolivar was unsuccessful in uniting South Americans into a single nation, he is known as the continent's "liberator."
Eventually all Colonies driving to become independent would be. The Latin American independence movement had become a success. What Hidalgo and Bolivar set out to do was pretty much accomplished. The independence drive had set out to rid the Americas of
The Latin American literary essay is alive and well, its critical thinking complementing the magic and exoticism common to Latin American fiction. Editor Stavans, a novelist and critic, has compiled 77 essays, translated from Spanish or Portuguese, dating from 1849 to 1994 and representing writers from many of the countries in the region. The broad scope of the anthology is notable, although more influential essays by authors such as Jorge Luis Borges and Octavio Paz do exist. The authors range from Andres Bello to Subcomandante Marcos, while some of the themes treated include identity, religion, and technology. There are also essays about Thoreau and Josephine Baker that North Americans will appreciate. In addition to the literate content, the volume serves as a reference tool thanks to an excellent introduction, a topical index, and short biographies about each author. Highly recommended as a resource in Latino literature collections.?Rebecca Martin, Northern Illinois Univ., DeKalb
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