Chapter 3 Careers In Healthcare Assignment Sheet Answers To 4

Discover the best health care support jobs of the year.

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You don't have to endure years of medical school, residency and other specialized training to score a great career in health care. Many health care support jobs require no more than an associate or bachelor's degree or specialized certification while offering good wages, low unemployment and plentiful job openings. Click on to discover the Best Jobs of 2017 in the field of health care support.

25. Dental Assistant

25. Dental Assistant

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Median Salary: $35,980
Unemployment Rate: 2.8 percent
Expected Job Openings: 58,600

Dental assistants work with dentists and dental hygienists on a variety of tasks, from handling clerical work to preparing patients for treatments.

Learn more about dental assistants.

24. Paramedic

24. Paramedic

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Median Salary: $31,980
Unemployment Rate: 1.3 percent
Expected Job Openings: 58,500

These medical workers are first on the scene after an accident or health emergency.

Learn more about paramedics.

23. Surgical Technologist

23. Surgical Technologist

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Median Salary: $44,330
Unemployment Rate: 1.4 percent
Expected Job Openings: 14,700

Surgical technologists assist surgeons in the operating room, including by setting out tools, sterilizing the room and helping with other tasks.

Learn more about surgical technologists.

22. Radiologic Technologist

22. Radiologic Technologist


Median Salary: $56,670
Unemployment Rate: 1.4 percent
Expected Job Openings: 17,200

These health care workers are trained to perform medical imaging exams and administer radiation therapy treatments to diagnose and treat medical conditions.

Learn more about radiologic technologists.

21. Nuclear Medicine Technologist

20. Veterinary Technologist and Technician


Median Salary: $31,800
Unemployment Rate: 1.8 percent
Expected Job Openings: 17,900

These professionals assist veterinarians with the tasks involved in diagnosing and treating their animal patients. In addition to certification and licensure requirements, veterinary technicians typically need an associate degree while technologists have a bachelor's degree.

Learn more about veterinary technologists and technicians.

19. Personal Care Aide

18. Medical Assistant

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Median Salary: $30,590
Unemployment Rate: 3.3 percent
Expected Job Openings: 138,900

Medical assistants work in doctors' offices, pitching in with clerical work and basic medical tasks.

Learn more about medical assistants.

17. MRI Technologist

17. MRI Technologist

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Median Salary: $67,720
Unemployment Rate: 1.4 percent
Expected Job Openings: 3,500

MRI technologists operate machines that use magnetic fields and radio waves to take images of patients' organs and other internal parts.

Learn more about MRI technologists.

16. Medical Secretary

16. Medical Secretary


Median Salary: $33,040
Unemployment Rate: 3.8 percent
Expected Job Openings: 108,200

Medical secretaries manage the traffic in and out of a doctor's office, maintaining records and collecting insurance information.

Learn more about medical secretaries.

15. Physical Therapist Aide

15. Physical Therapist Aide


Median Salary: $25,120
Unemployment Rate: 4 percent
Expected Job Openings: 19,500

These professionals support physical therapists and physical therapy assistants, often taking on some of the less-skilled work, including sanitizing treatment areas and performing office tasks.

Learn more about physical therapist aides.

14. Genetic Counselor

10. Hearing Aid Specialist

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Median Salary: $49,600
Unemployment Rate: 1.4 percent
Expected Job Openings: 1,600

These professionals specialize in selecting, fitting and maintaining hearing-loss devices.

Learn more about hearing aid specialists.

9. Optician

9. Optician

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Median Salary: $34,840
Unemployment Rate: 1.6 percent
Expected Job Openings: 17,800

Staffed in stores, private practices and health care centers, these workers help patients select and fit eyewear.

Learn more about opticians.

8. Cardiovascular Technologist

6. Occupational Therapy Aide

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Median Salary: $27,800
Unemployment Rate: 0.6 percent
Expected Job Openings: 2,700

These aides typically assist occupational therapists by performing administrative duties, cleaning or other tasks.

Learn more about occupational therapy aides.

5. Massage Therapist

3. Dental Hygienist

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Median Salary: $72,330
Unemployment Rate: 1.2 percent
Expected Job Openings: 37,400

Dental hygienists typically work in dental offices, cleaning teeth and educating patients on how to brush and floss properly.

Learn more about dental hygienists.

2. Diagnostic Medical Sonographer

1. Occupational Therapy Assistant

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Median Salary: $57,870
Unemployment Rate: 0.6 percent
Expected Job Openings: 14,100

OTAs specialize in working with occupational therapists to help patients relearn daily tasks after an injury or illness.

Learn more about occupational therapy assistants.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 3 Careers in Health Care."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 3Careers in Health Care

2 3:1 Introduction to Health Careers
EducationRequirements vary by program and stateHigh school preparationHealth Science Technology Education (HSTE)Post-secondary educationTypes of degreesNational Consortium on Health Science and Technology Education (NCHSTE) (Figure 3-1)HSTE: programs that prepare a student for immediate employment in many health careers or for additional education after graduationNCHSTE: health science career cluster, which allows students to see how early career awareness and exploration provide a foundation for making informed choices to prepare for a career in health care.

3 Certification, Registration, and Licensure
Certification: A person has fulfilled requirements of education and performance and meets the standards/qualifications established by the professional association or government agency that regulates a particular career.Registration: A regulatory body in a given health care area administers examinations and/or maintains a list of qualified personnel.Licensure: A government agency authorizes individuals to work in a given occupation.Certification – Athletic Trainer, Certified Personal TrainerRegistration – Registered Dietitian, Registered Respiratory TherapistLicensure: Physician, Dentist, Physical Therapist, Registered Nurse

4 Accrediting Agencies Purpose  program meets standards of competency
Commission on Accreditation of Allied Health Education Programs (CAAHEP)Accrediting Bureau of Health Education Schools (ABHES)Accreditation ensures that the program of study meets the established quality competency standards and prepares students for employment in the health career.

5 Continuing Education Units (CEUs)
CEU’s are required to renew licenses or maintain certification or registrationRequirements vary between careersMust know requirements of your specific career in your state

6 Training Levels Professional (4 or more years of college)
Medical Doctor, DentistTechnologist/Therapist (3-4 years of college plus work experience)Physical Therapist, Speech Therapist, Respiratory TherapistTechnician (2 year Associate, special health science technology education/3-4 year on-job training)Dental Laboratory, Technician, Surgical TechnicianAide or Assistant (Hours of specialized education, years of on-job training)Dental Assistant, Medical Assistant, Nurse AssistantTable 3-1 on page 42.

7 Multicompetent or Multiskilled Workers
New trend in health occupationsWorkers perform a variety of occupations/skillsEliminates need for employing specialist for every aspect of careEducation done on the job or through educational programsExample:Electrocardiograph (ECG) / Electroencephalographic (EEG)

8 EntrepreneurEntrepreneur: An individual who organizes, manages, and assumes the risk of a business.Self-EmployedCommon Example:Bachelor’s Degree in specific health related field with a Master’s Degree in BusinessAdvantages and disadvantagesExamplesNurse Practitioners, Physical Therapists, Physician Assistants, Physicians, ChiropractorsAdvantage vs. Disadvantage – involves many risks and requires a certain level of education and ability, it can be a satisfying choice for the individual who is well motivated, self-confident, responsible, creative and independent.

9 National Health Care Skill Standards (NHCSS)
Purpose  Developed to indicate the knowledge and skills that are expected of health care workers primarily at entry and technical levelsHealth Care Core StandardsTherapeutic/Diagnostic Core StandardsTherapeutic Cluster Standards (Therapeutic Services)Diagnostic Cluster Standards (Diagnostic Services)Health Informatics ServicesSupport (Environmental) ServicesBiotechnology Research and Development Standards

10 Introduction to Health Careers
Career Groups (Pathways)Therapeutic Services CareersDiagnostic Services CareersHealth InformaticsSupport Services CareersBiotechnology Research and Development Careers

11 SummaryDifferent health occupations require different levels of educationSome careers require certification, registration, or licensureRequirements vary from state to stateStudent must obtain information pertinent to an individual state

12 3:2 Therapeutic Services Careers
Basic job descriptionUse variety of treatments to help patients who are injured, physically or mentally disabled, or emotionally disturbedDirect treatment toward allowing the patient to function at maximum capacityTherapeutic Services are directed toward changing the health status of the patient over time.

13 3:2 Therapeutic Services Careers
Types of Jobs:ChiropractorExercise PhysiologistKinesiotherapistMassage TherapistAthletic TrainerAudiologistSocial WorkerSpeech Language PathologistMany MORE…

14 3:2 Therapeutic Services Careers (Continued)
Places of employmentRehabilitation FacilitiesHospitalsClinicsMental Health FacilitiesDaycare FacilitiesLong-Term Care FacilitiesHome Health Care AgenciesSchoolsGovernmental AgenciesAND MANY MORE…

15 3:2A Dental Careers Basic job duties
Health of teeth and soft tissues of mouthPreventing dental diseaseRepairing or replacing diseased or damaged teethTreating gingiva (gums) and other supporting structures of the teeth(continues)

16 Dental Careers (continued)
Places of employmentSee Table 3-3 in textSpecialty areas (private dental offices, labs, clinics, etc.)DentistDental hygienistDental laboratory technician (CLDT)Dental assistant

17 3:2B Emergency Medical Services Careers
Basic job dutiesProvide emergency prehospital careProvide care to victims of accidents, injuries, and sudden illness(continues)

18 Emergency Medical Services Careers (continued)
Places of employmentSee Table 3-4 in textEmergency medical technician paramedic (EMT-P, EMT-4)Emergency medical technician intermediate (EMT-1, EMT-2, EMT-3)Emergency medical technician basic (EMT-B, EMT-1)First responder (e.g., police, security, individual)(continues)

19 3:2C Medical Careers Basic description
Includes physicians and those who work under their supervisionInvolved with diagnosis, treatment, or prevention of diseases and disorders of the human body(continues)

20 Medical Careers (continued)
Places of employmentSee Table 3-5 in textPhysician (doctor): MD, DO, DPM, DC, MANY MORE…Physician assistantMedical assistant

21 3:2D Mental and Social Services Careers
Basic job dutiesMental or emotional disorders or those who are developmentally delayed or mentally impaired.Social workers assist others to deal with illness, employment, or community problemsFocus: help individuals function to their maximum capacity(continues)

22 Mental and Social Services Careers (continued)
Places of employmentSee Table 3-7 in textPsychiatristPsychologistPsychiatric/mental health technician\Social worker (sociologist)Genetic counselorPsychiatrist: M.D.  diagnose and treat mental illnessPsychologist: study human behavior and use this knowledge to help individuals deal with problems of everyday living.

23 3:2E Mortuary Careers Basic job duties Preparation of the body
Perform ceremony that honors the deceased and meets the spiritual needs of the livingCremation or burial of the remainsPractices and rites vary due to cultural and religious preferences

24 Mortuary Careers (continued)
Places of employmentFuneral Directors (Mortician, Undertaker)EmbalmersMortuary AssistantsFuneral Director: provide support to the survivors, interview the family of the deceased to establish details of the funeral ceremony, file death certificate, etc.Embalmers: prepare the body for interment by washing the body with germicidal soap, replacing the blood with embalming fluid to preserve the body, reshaping and restructuring the body, dressing, and placing in casket.

25 3:2F Nursing Careers Basic job duties
Provide care under direction of a physicianDirect care given to meet mental, emotional, and physical needs of the patient(continues)

26 Nursing Careers (continued)
Places of employmentSee Table 3-9 in text\Registered nurse (RN)Licensed practical/vocational nurse (LPN/LVN)Nurse assistantGeriatric aideHome health care assistantMedication aideCertified nurse technicianPatient care technician(continues)

27 3:2G Nutrition and Dietary Services Careers
Basic job dutiesRecognize importance good nutrition has for healthPromote wellness and optimum health through good nutritionProvide dietary guidelines used to treat various diseasesTeach proper nutritionPrepare food for health care facilities(continues)

28 Nutrition and Dietary Careers (continued)
Places of employmentSee Table 3-10 in textDietitian or nutritionistDietetic technicianDietetic assistant or food service worker

29 3:2H Veterinary Careers Basic description
Work with all types of animalsRange from house pets to livestock to wildlife(continues)

30 Veterinary Careers (continued)
Places of employmentSee Table 3-11 in textVeterinarian (DVM or VDM)Veterinary (animal health) technologist (VTR, registered)Veterinarian assistant (animal caretaker)

31 3:2I Vision Services Careers
Basic job dutiesProvide care to prevent vision disordersTreat vision disorders(continues)

32 Vision Services Careers (continued)
Places of employmentSee Table 3-12 in textOphthalmologist (MD)Optometrist (OD)Ophthalmic medical technologist (COMT)Ophthalmic technician (COT)Ophthalmic assistant (COA)OpticianOphthalmic laboratory technician

33 3:2J Other Therapeutic Services Careers
Places of employmentSee Table 3-13 in textOccupational therapist (OT)Occupational therapy assistantPharmacistPharmacy technicianPhysical therapist (PT)Physical therapist assistantMassage therapistRecreational therapist (TR)Certified therapeutic recreation specialist(continues)

34 Other Therapeutic Services Careers (continued)
Recreational therapy assistant or activity directorRespiratory therapist (RT)Respiratory therapy technicianSpeech-language therapist/pathologist and/or audiologistSurgical technician/technologistArt, music, dance therapistAthletic trainerDialysis technicianPerfusionist, certified clinical perfusionist, or extracorporeal circulation technologist(continues)

35 3:3 Diagnostic Services Careers
Places of employmentSee Table 3-14 in textCardiovascular technologistRegistered diagnostic vascular technologist (RDTV)Electrocardiograph (ECG) technicianElectroencephalographic technologistElectroneurodiagnostic technologistMedical (clinical) laboratory technologistMedical (clinical) laboratory technicianMedical (clinical) laboratory assistantPhlebotomistRadiologic technologist(continues)

36 3:4 Health Informatics Careers
Basic job dutiesDocumentation of patient recordsHealth informationHealth education(continues)

37 Health Informatics Careers (continued)
Places of employmentSee Table 3-15 in textHealth information (medical records) administrator registered (RRA)Health information (medical records) technician registered (RHIT)Medical transcriptionistAdmitting officers/clerks(continues)

38 Health Informatics Careers (continued)
Places of employmentUnit secretary/ward clerk/health unit coordinator/medical records clerkEpidemiologistMedical interpreter/translatorMedical illustratorMedical librarian

39 3:5 Support Services Careers
Basic descriptionCreate therapeutic environmentOperate support departmentsEach department has workers at all levels with varying amounts of education(continues)

40 Support Services Careers (continued)
Places of employmentSee Table 3-16 in textHealth care administrator, health services manager, or health care executiveBiomedical (clinical) engineerAdmitting officer/clerkCentral/sterile supply workerHousekeeping worker/sanitary manager

41 3:6 Biotechnology Research and Development Careers
Basic descriptionUse living cells to create productsResearch and developmentDisease preventionUnlimited potential for biotechnology(continues)

42 Biotechnology Careers (continued)
Places of employmentRefer to Table 3-17 in textBiological or medical scientistsBiotechnological engineers (bioengineers)Biological techniciansProcess techniciansForensic science technicians

43 SummaryHealth care careers are as exciting as they are diverse with over 250 different opportunities availableEach career has specific education requirements, job descriptions, and annual salaries earnedThere are many occupational opportunities for a successful career in health care

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