American Psychological Association (APA) style is commonly used for citing references in student papers in science and social science courses, such as Psychology, Nursing, and Social Work.
The purpose of documentation is to:
- Identify (cite) other people’s ideas and information used within your essay or term paper.
- Indicate the authors or sources of these in a References list at the end of your paper.
The following sections provide you with information and examples that will help you to cite the sources that you come across during your research.
Images & Art
This guide is intended to provide some helpful examples and may not be perfect. For more detailed information, refer to the APA Manual (6th ed.)available at the Ask Here Desk in the Library, ask your instructor, or Ask Us.
The information below is copied with permission from the APA's official blog, and contains many useful links to examples, tutorials, explanations and frequently asked questions about APA style.
Each fall the APA Style Blog Team puts together a “best of” feature, and this year we continue the tradition with an updated set of posts from the APA Style Blog and our parent site, apastyle.org. We hope it will be helpful as new batches of students set upon the task of learning and implementing APA Style. You can get the full story in our sixth edition Publication Manual (also available as an e-book for Kindle) and our APA Style Guide to Electronic References, plus more information via the links below.
APA Style Basic Principles
How in-text citations work
How reference list entries work (and how to handle missing information)
How to find the example you need in the Publication Manual
The principle of “cite what you see, cite what you use”
Citing a class or lecture
School intranet or Canvas/Blackboard class website materials
Classroom course packs and custom textbooks
Research participant interview data
Reference lists versus bibliographies
MLA versus APA Style (in-text citations and the reference list)
“How-To” Citation Help
Secondary sources (sources you found in another source) and why to avoid them
Social media (Facebook, Twitter, and Google+)
Lists (lettered, numbered, or bulleted)
Keep in Touch!
We hope that these resources will be helpful to you as you write using APA Style. If you are interested in receiving tips about APA Style as well as general writing advice, we encourage you to follow us on social media. You can find us (and tell your friends) on Facebook, Twitter, and Google+.